Black Panthers Fred Hampton Killed...

1969 – Black Panther Fred Hampton Shot to Death Fred Hampton, 21, a prominent member of the Black Panthers was gunned down by 14 police officers along with fellow member Mark Clark, 22, as they lie sleeping in their Chicago, Illinois, apartment. Police claimed to kill the two in what they termed a fierce gun fight with the Black Panthers Party. Ballistics reports, however, would later show that only one bullet was fired from the apartment. Four other Black Panthers were wounded in the raid, as were two police officers. Hampton had become involved in the civil right fight early on, organizing a chapter of the NAACP at his high school when he was only 15, and  became chairman of the Illinois Black Panther Party at age 20. According to History.com,  “Despite the evidence provided by ballistics experts showing that police had fired 99 percent of the bullets and had falsified the report on the incident, the first federal grand jury did not indict anyone involved in the raid. Furthermore, even though a subsequent grand jury did indict all the police officers involved, the charges were...

Archie Griffin Wins Second Heisman Dec02

Archie Griffin Wins Second Heisman...

Archie Griffin Win Second Heisman 1975 – Archie Griffin, running back for Ohio State University becomes the first player in history to win the Heisman Trophy two years in a row. In 1974, Griffin became only the fifth player in history to win the Heisman trophy, annual awarded to the most outstanding player in college football. He followed up by winning the award as a senior after amassing an NCAA record-breaking 5,177 career rushing yards and leading the Buckeyes to a record of 29-1-1. Griffin’s number 45 jersey was the first ever retired by Ohio State. He would later spend seven years playing in the National Football League. 1972 – The Temptations earn their four chart-topping hit when “Papa Was A Rollin’ Stone” reaches #1 on the Billboard Hot 100. The legendary Motown group had previously hit number one with “My Girl” in 1964, “I Can’t Get Next to You” in 1969 and “Just My Imagination” in 1971. 1859 – Abolitionist John Brown Hanged. Brown had set out to take over the Federal arsenals of weapons in Harper’s Ferry, in what is now the state of West Virginia. The plan was to launch an armed fight against the bastions of slavery and during the siege a number of people were killed. The plan failed when the raiders allowed a Baltimore-bound train to pass through. The train’s passengers alerted local authorities who sent in local militias from Maryland and Virginia. Brown was sentenced to death on November 2, 1859 and was hanged on December 12th after declaring “The crimes of this guilty land will never be purged away but with...

Wendell Scott Becomes 1st Black NASCAR Winner Dec01

Wendell Scott Becomes 1st Black NASCAR Winner...

On December 1, 1963, Wendell Scott became the first Black driver to win a race on NASCAR’s highest level, the Grand National Series. He finished the race at Speedway Park in Jacksonville, Florida two laps ahead of the the second place finisher Buck Baker, however Scott was not announced as the winner, with Baker getting that honor instead. After Scott protested the finish, NASCAR claimed that a scoring error was to blame and awarded him the victory. Many in attendance believe that NASCAR was terrified of the prospect of Scott kissing the white beauty queen, a NASCAR custom for the race winner. In 2010, the Jacksonville Stock Car Racing Hall of Fame presented Scott’s family with a trophy, as Baker had taken the original trophy home with him 47 years...

Rosa Parks is Arrested...

Rosa Parks Arrested Rosa Parks was arrested on December 1, 1955 for refusing to give up her bus seat to a white passenger. Her actions were seen by many as starting point in the civil rights era. Her actions brought about the Birmingham Bus Boycotts in which Blacks demonstrated their defiance and eventually forced the desegregation of the bus lines. Parks would continue being involved in the civil rights movement for the rest of her...

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