James Farmer Born

   1920 – James Farmer Born. James Farmer was born on this date in 1920. Farmer was a Civil rights leader born in Marshall, Texas. He initiated and organized the 1961 Freedom Rides, in which civil rights activists rode interstate buses into segregated states. The United States...

Riot at the Universi...

   1961 – Riot at the University of Georgia. On this date in 1961, two Black student at the University of Georgia were suspended by the University after a riot erupted protesting their enrollment. Hamilton E. Holmes and Charlayne Hunter-Gault were the first...

Southern Christian L...

   1957 – Southern Christian Leadership Conference founded. The Southern Christian Leadership Conference was founded in New Orleans, Louisiana by five ministers including Martin Luther King, Jr., Ralph Abernathy, Joseph Lowery, Fred Shuttlesworth and C.K. Steele. Dr. King was...

Emancipation Proclamation Signed

   1863 – The Emancipation Proclamation, an executive order issued on January 1, 1863 during the American Civil War by President Abraham Lincoln declared that all slaves held in the 10 rebel states were freed. It resulted in almost four million slaves being freed over the course of the war.Although the Proclamation did not account for any compensation to the slave owners, it was never challenged in court. It was ratified by Congress in February 1063  and it was ratified by the states in December 1865. The Proclamation applied only to the ten states in rebellion against the Union. Slavery was outlawed in all of the other...

Black Panthers Fred ...

    1969 – Black Panther Fred Hampton Shot to Death Fred Hampton, 21, a prominent member of the Black Panthers was gunned down by 14 police officers along with fellow member Mark Clark, 22, as they lie sleeping in their Chicago, Illinois, apartment. Police claimed to kill the...

Rosa Parks is Arrest...

   Rosa Parks Arrested Rosa Parks was arrested on December 1, 1955 for refusing to give up her bus seat to a white passenger. Her actions were seen by many as starting point in the civil rights era. Her actions brought about the Birmingham Bus Boycotts in which Blacks demonstrated...

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