NAACP Founded

1909 – NAACP founded 1934 – William “Bill” Felton Russell born Birthday of William Felton Russell, better known as “Bill” Russell, he was player-coach of the Boston Celtics basketball team in 1968 and 1969. Russell was born in Monroe, Louisiana. 1930 – In Tuskegee, Alabama, the Rosenwald Fund made grants to the Alabama State Board In Tuskegee, Alabama, the Rosenwald Fund made grants to the Alabama State Board of Health to help meet the cost of a sutdy of syphilis in African American men living in rural Georgia and Alabama. Thus would begin a four decade long study of syphilis without treatment. Over 400 men were allowed to carry the disease with… 1793 – First fugitive slave law enacted by Congress In 1793, Congress passed the first Fugitive Slave Law to implement the provisions in the Constitution. It stated that to reclaim an escaped slave a master needed only to go before a magistrate and provide oral or written proof of ownership. The magistrate would then issue an order for the arrest of the slave. The...

Nelson Mandela is Released from Prison...

1990 – Nelson Mandela is released Nelson Mandela’s greatest pleasure, his most private moment, is watching the sun set with the music of Handel or Tchaikovsky playing. Locked up in his cell during daylight hours, deprived of music, both these simple pleasures were denied him for decades. With his fellow prisoners, concerts were organised when possi… 1976 – Clifford Alexander Jr Clifford Alexander, Jr. is confirmed as the first African American Secretary of the Army. He will hold the position until the end of President Jimmy Carter’s...

Rosa Parks Born

1913 – Rosa Parks (born Rosa Louise McCauley) was born on this day. Rosa Parks was born on February 4, 1913 in Tuskegee, Alabama. Thursday, December 1, 1955, in downtown Montgomery, Alabama, Parks boarded a bus driven by James Blake.  When a white man entered the bus, Blake ordered the Blacks to move to the back of the bus. The other three Blacks complied with Blake’s order and got up and moved by Rosa simply moved laterally into the window sat. Blake asked her if she was was going to stand up, and she said, “No, I’m not.” Blake told her “Well, if you don’t stand up, I’m going to have to call the police and have you arrested” to which she responded, “You may do that.” Blake called for the police and she was arrested and taken to the police station where she was booked, fingerprinted and incarcerated. Parks was charged with disorderly conduct based on violating Chapter 6, Section 11 of the Montgomery City Code, which provided for segregation. She was found guilty and fined but her action of defiance symbolized the beginning of the civil right movement that began to get national attention. The resulting Montgomery bus boycott crippled the bus industry in Montgomery and forced it to change its segregationist seating policies. For more information on Rosa Park, view her profile on greatblackheroes.com. 1986 – A stamp of Sojourner Truth is issued A stamp of Sojourner Truth is issued by the U.S. Postal...

President Truman Sends Congress Anti-Lynching Message...

1948 – Truman sends Congress Anti-Lynching Message President Truman sent Congress a special message urging adoption of a civil rights program, including a fair employment practices commission and anti-lynching and anti-poll tax measures. 1915 – Biologist Ernest E. Just Receives Spingarn Medal Biologist Ernest E. Just receives the Spingarn medal for his pioneering in cell division and fertilization. 1862 – District of Columbia abolishes slavery District of Columbia abolishes...

Greensboro Sit-ins Take Place...

1960 – Greensboro sit-ins takeplace The primary event took place at the Greensboro, North CarolinaWoolworth’s store, now the International Civil Rights Center and Museum. 1997 – First 24-Hour Black Movie Channel BET Holdings and Encore Media Corp. launch BET Movie/Starz the first 24 hour Black Movie channel. 1978 – The first stamp of the U.S. Postal Service’s The first stamp of the U.S. Postal Service’s Black Heritage USA series honors Harriet Tubman, famed abolitionist and “conductor” on the Underground...

Martin Luther King, Jr.’s House Bombed...

1956 – Home of Martin Luther King Jr Home of Martin Luther King Jr. Montgomery bus boycott leader bombed. 1900 – John Parker, Underground Railroad Conductor died Born: 1827 Died: January 30, 1900 Birthplace: Norfolk, Virginia John P. Parker was born in Norfolk, Virginia , the son of a white father and a slave mother. He was sold to a slave agent from Richmond, Virginia at age eight. Parker worker for two years at a foundry and the New Orleans docks as a steved… 1844 – Richard Theodore Greener Richard Theodore Greener becomes the first African American to graduate from Harvard University  ...

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